I’ve said this before and I’ll point it out again -
Menstruation is caused by change in hormonal levels to stop the creation of a uterine lining and encourage the body to flush the lining out. The body does this by lowering estrogen levels and raising testosterone.
Or, to put it more plainly “That time of the month” is when female hormones most closely resemble male hormones. So if (cis) women aren’t suited to office at “That time of the month” then (cis) men are NEVER suited to office.
If you are a dude and don’t dig the ladies around you at their time of the month, just think! That is you all of the time.
And, on a final note, post-menopausal (cis) women are the most hormonally stable of all human demographics. They have fewer hormonal fluctuations of anyone, meaning older women like Hilary Clinton and Elizabeth Warren would theoretically be among the least likely candidates to make an irrational decision due to hormonal fluctuations, and if we were basing our leadership decisions on hormone levels, then only women over fifty should ever be allowed to hold office.
— timemachineyeah (via stellafrood)
(Source: ask-pauli-amorous, via dermawarrior)
girls who pretend to act stupid because they think it’s cute need to be slapped in the face with a brick
or maybs we should smash patriarchy w a brick for perpetuating the idea that an unintelligent girl is more desirable than an intelligent one? idk jus puttin that out there lmao
"Not to brag, but I have the chin of a teenager"
Tina Fey (via indiastarship)
lol does anyone remember dove age fighting acne cream
What Are Blackheads?
Blackheads are pores in your skin that have become clogged with natural skin oils and other debris that become oxidized when they hit the surface of your skin. Some people think the dark color means they have dirt in their pores, but that’s not it. Just as an apple will turn brown if you leave it out in the air, the natural skin oils and skin cells trapped in your pores will also turn dark when exposed to the air.
What Causes Blackheads?
If you have blackheads, it doesn’t mean you’re not cleaning your face enough. Instead, it means you likely have oily or combination skin, and tend to produce more natural skin oils than those with normal or dry skin. This excess oil backs up in your pores, clogging them up instead of flowing naturally to the surface of your skin.
Part of the problem is in your genes, and of course there’s nothing you can do about them! There are other factors involved, however, that you can do something about:
- Dead skin cells: In a blackhead, the excess oil mixes with dead skin cells that have not yet been sloughed off the surface of the skin. Therefore, exfoliating to help get rid of those dead cells can help.
- Seasonal changes: Hormonal changes and seasonal changes can affect how much natural oil your skin is producing. During times of high heat (summer) or during your monthly cycle, you can take extra steps to absorb the excess oil from your skin, to reduce blackheads.
- Improper skin care: Failure to cleanse, tone, and moisturize every day can leave makeup, oil, and residue on your skin that can encourage the formation of blackheads.
What NOT to Do
Millions of people have blackheads, which means that there is no shortage of products out there marketed to help you get rid of them. Unfortunately, some of them can actually make your acne worse, or may cause damage to your skin.
Here’s what NOT to use when you’re trying to get rid of blackheads:
- Harsh scrubbing motions: Blackheads are too deep in the pore to respond to scrubbing, so you won’t get rid of them this way. Worse, you can irritate the skin, which will only cause it to produce more oil in its defense.
- Pore strips: These seem like a good idea, but they remove only the surface of the blackhead, leaving the rest of the clogged pore to rise another day. That means you’ll be using them again and again, which will eventually backfire on you, as they will irritate skin and cause more blackheads. Worse, the ripping motion actually leaves your pores more open and vulnerable to bacteria, which may actually make your pores look bigger and encourage the breakout of whiteheads.
- Cleansers with irritating chemicals: Cleansers that contain alcohol, sulfates, and other drying and irritating chemicals may leave your face feeling clean, but will also leave it feeling tight and dry. That means your skin will be compensating later by producing more oil—not what you want!
- Squeezing motions: It’s tempting, as it may dislodge the buildup temporarily, but again, this can backfire on you in the long run. First, your fingers have oils and dirt on them which can contaminate your skin and lead to more blackheads later. Second, you can damage and irritate the skin by squeezing, and create more visible pores as well as redness and swelling.
- Heavy moisturizers: It may seem obvious that applying oily products to your skin may increase blackheads, but determining just which oils to avoid can be difficult. After all, some natural oils are actually good for oily and combination skin! As a general rule, avoid “heavy” and petroleum-based oils like mineral oil, lanolin, and cocoa butter, along with products that have chemical moisturizers like isopropyl palmitate and butyl stearate.
- Inappropriate products: Sometimes we concentrate only on our cleansers and moisturizers when trying to get rid of blackheads, and forget that we also put sunscreen and makeup on our faces. It’s just as important to check the ingredient lists on these products to be sure they don’t contain irritating, drying, and pore-clogging ingredients.
What To Do
Now that you know what not to do, what can you do to get rid of blackheads? First, get into the habit of performing a blackhead-free skin care routine every day, which includes these steps:
- Cleanse appropriately: Cleanse your skin at least twice a day with a product made for acne-prone skin. Choose carefully, and go with a product that has natural, non-irritating ingredients that will help unclog pores.
- Tone: Toning helps restore the pH balance disrupted by cleansing, and is an important step for helping your skin to remain blackhead-free. Again, choose something gentle and alcohol-free.
- Moisturize: Your skin may be producing excess oil, but you still need moisture. If you don’t moisturize, your skin is likely to continue its excess oil production to compensate for the dryness. What you need is a moisturize that will help re-balance your skin’s own oil production.
- Exfoliate: You need to get rid of those dead skin cells on your face, but you need to do it the right way to be sure you don’t overly irritate or inflame your skin. You can try a homemade scrub by combining baking soda and water.
- Use a mask: Masks are a good way to get rid of the blackheads you have, and encourage your skin to become clear again. Use only 1-2 times a week as needed.
- Consider gentle acids: Acids like salicylic, glycolic, and malic can help dissolve plus and prevent blackheads from forming. These can be too harsh for sensitive skin, however, so if these don’t work for you, consider a honey mask or one made of fruit enzymes. Use 2-3 times a week, as your skin needs it.
That’s your basic routine to help your skin recover a more healthy balance of oils and return to a more smooth, youthful appearance. In addition, try these tips to help keep blackheads away for good:
- Keep your hair away from your face: You know those blackheads that form on your forehead and temples? Those could be caused by the oils and products in your hair. Try keeping your hair away from your face and see if that helps. Also be careful when applying styling products, that they don’t get on your face, as they can also clog pores.
- Always wash makeup off before bed: Leaving makeup on your face at night means that the oils, dirt, and chemicals in the makeup will likely sink into your pores and cause blackheads in the future.
- Wash your pillowcase ever week or more often: Skin oils and bacteria come to rest on your pillow as you sleep. Change it more often to reduce the risk that these elements will be deposited back on your skin.
- Keep your hands away from your face: The oils, bacteria, and dirt on your fingers and palms are like poison to the skin on your face!
- Clean your phone daily: Any surface that comes against your face needs to be cleaned—often.
- Try some makeup-free days: When you don’t have to be anywhere, trying going without makeup to give your skin a break. The fewer the products on your face potentially clogging your pores, the better.